Water-saving is going to become more and more critical in the future and there is a great deal every household can do to reduce consumption. As with energy, simple changes of habit and lifestyle can amount to considerable savings.
Before indoor plumbing, water was husbanded like the precious resource that it is. After decades of treating water almost as if it were free, we need to change our bad habits to use water more wisely. Think before you leave a tap running for any period of time – whether you are brushing your teeth, filling a glass, shaving or waiting for the tap to run hot.
Over the last half-century water consumption has trebled, the greater proportion of that increase being used for washing and for flushing toilets. In certain dry areas of the United States a staggering 80 per cent of the average household’s water consumption is used to water lawns, hose
down patios and driveways, and clean cars. That’s clean drinking water going right down the drain.
– Modern dishwashers use less water than washing dishes by hand. If you are in the market for a new
model, choose one that is the most efficient. In the UK, those will be rated A**; in the United States, look for Energy Star labels. Always run full loads at low-temperature or eco settings. A full load uses less water than two half loads.
– If you don’t have a dishwasher, fill one sink with waching water and the other sink with rinsing water
Don’t let the water run while rinsing. Don’t scrub pans under a running tap. Leave thern to soal
– Wash vegetables in a bowl or partially filled sink, not under a running tap, then reuse the water
on indoor plants or the garden.
– Run full loads in washing machines and always use the low-temperature or eco setting. When buying new, choose energy- efficient appliances.
-Wash clothes, towels and linen less frequently
– Turn off the water when you are brushing your teeth. Brushin your teeth with the water running
wastes 6 litres (1% gallons) a minute.
– Turn off the tap or shower when you are shampooing your hair or shaving. Take short showers instead
of baths. A bath uses 80 litres (21gallons) of water; an average shower uses 6 litres (1 gallons)
per minute. Power showers however, use 15 litres (4 gallons) per minute. You can invest in a shower timer to make sure that you don’t take too long and use too much water- about five minutes is plenty.
– Put a bucket in the shower whil you are waiting for the water to heat up and use the cold water i the garden, to water houseplant or to flush the toilet.
– If you don’t have a shower, put the plug in before you run a bath and adjust the temperature as the
-Bathe young children together.
– Install low-flow showerheads and put aerators on all of your taps.
-Separate temperature and flow controls on a shower allow you to turn off the water briefly while you shampoo your hair, for example, without losing the temperature setting
-Fill a bucket to wash the car instead of using a hose. Or take the car to a commercial car wash that recycles water.
-Turn the thermostat on your hot water tank down to 60°C (140°F).
– Fill a jug with water and put it in the fridge to use as drinking water
Don’t run the taps waiting for the water to get cold
– Don’t buy bottled water. If you need to take water with you when you are away from home, reuse
a plastic bottle or water flask and fill it up at the ta
-Only fill the kettle with as much water as you need. If you’re making one cup of coffee or tea only boil one cup of water. If you live in an area that has hard water make sure you remove limescale from your kettle regularly to keep it working efficiently. An eco- friendly way of removing limescale is to soak the element overnight in vinegar.
– Think about cutting down on the amount of meat you eat. Meat production requires a high
consumption of water. Tea uses less water to produce than coffee.
-Cooking methods such as steaming are more energy-efficient and water-saving. Using a multi- level steamer to cook vegetables isless wasteful than boiling them separately. Don’t fill a pan with water just to boil a few vegetables.
-Cooking food in a minimum of water preserves nutrients. Choose an appropriately sized pan
-Compost peelings (see page 166) instead of using a waste- or garbage-disposal unit.